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Countries by Population: Germany (Germany)

CountryFlagPopulation
1China1,339,724,852
2India1,210,193,422
3United States of America313,820,000
4Indonesia237,424,363
5Brazil192,376,496
6Pakistan180,440,005
7Nigeria170,123,740
8Bangladesh158,570,535
9Russia143,200,000
10Japan126,659,683
11Mexico113,910,608
12Philippines92,337,852
13Vietnam87,840,000
14Ethiopia84,320,987
15Egypt82,000,000
16Germany81,799,600
17Turkey79,749,461
18Iran75,149,669
19Democratic Republic of the Congo71,712,867
20Thailand66,720,153
21France64,895,000
22United Kingdom62,262,000
23Italy60,483,000
24Burma60,280,000
25Korea, South50,004,441
26South Africa48,810,427
27Colombia46,366,364
28Spain46,081,574
29Ukraine45,888,000
30Tanzania43,188,000
31Kenya43,013,341
32Argentina41,281,631
33Poland38,186,860
34Algeria37,100,000
35Uganda35,873,253
36Canada34,853,000
37Morocco32,644,370
38Iraq31,129,225
39Sudan30,894,000
40Afghanistan29,835,392
41Uzbekistan29,559,100
42Peru29,496,000
43Nepal29,331,000
44Venezuela28,946,101
45Saudi Arabia28,376,355
46Malaysia28,334,135
47Yemen25,130,000
48Ghana24,233,431
49Korea, North24,051,218
50Mozambique23,400,000
51Taiwan23,261,747
52Australia22,665,296
53Syria22,530,746
54Madagascar21,926,221
55Ivory Coast20,617,068
56Sri Lanka20,277,000
57Cameroon19,100,000
58Romania19,043,767
59Angola18,498,000
60Chile17,402,630
61Netherlands17,034,544
62Kazakhstan16,600,000
63Niger16,274,738
64Burkina Faso15,730,977
65Ecuador15,223,680
66Malawi14,901,000
67Mali14,517,176
68Guatemala13,824,463
69Zambia13,092,666
70Senegal12,855,153
71Zimbabwe12,521,000
72Rwanda11,689,696
73Greece11,305,118
74Cuba11,241,161
75Belgium11,007,020
76Bolivia10,907,778
77Tunisia10,732,900
78Portugal10,638,000
79Czech Republic10,562,214
80Somalia10,085,638
81Guinea10,057,975
82Hungary10,014,324
83Haiti9,719,932
84Benin9,598,787
85Sweden9,514,406
86Belarus9,503,807
87Dominican Republic9,378,818
88Azerbaijan9,165,000
89Burundi8,749,000
90Austria8,414,638
91United Arab Emirates8,264,070
92South Sudan8,260,490
93Honduras8,249,574
94Switzerland7,952,600
95Israel7,900,600
96Tajikistan7,616,000
97Bulgaria7,364,570
98Serbia7,120,666
99Togo6,619,000
100Jordan6,508,271
101Laos6,500,000
102Paraguay6,454,548
103Papua New Guinea6,187,591
104El Salvador6,134,000
105Nicaragua5,891,199
106Eritrea5,824,000
107Libya5,670,688
108Kyrgyzstan5,550,239
109Denmark5,543,453
110Sierra Leone5,485,998
111Slovakia5,445,324
112Finland5,410,233
113Singapore5,183,700
114Turkmenistan5,125,693
115Norway5,033,675
116Ireland4,588,252
117Georgia4,469,200
118New Zealand4,430,400
119Central African Republic4,422,000
120Costa Rica4,301,712
121Lebanon4,224,000
122Bosnia and Herzegovina3,839,737
123Liberia3,786,764
124Kuwait3,566,437
125Moldova3,559,500
126Panama3,405,813
127Uruguay3,318,535
128Armenia3,262,200
129Lithuania3,182,755
130Mauritania3,069,000
131Albania2,831,741
132Oman2,773,479
133Mongolia2,754,685
134Latvia2,217,053
135Namibia2,100,000
136Lesotho2,067,000
137Slovenia2,060,382
138Macedonia2,058,539
139Botswana2,029,307
140Qatar1,853,563
141Guinea-Bissau1,647,000
142Gabon1,475,000
143Estonia1,340,194
144Mauritius1,291,456
145Bahrain1,234,571
146Trinidad and Tobago1,227,505
147Swaziland1,185,000
148Cyprus1,099,341
149Djibouti923,000
150Fiji849,000
151Guyana752,940
152Bhutan708,427
153Montenegro625,266
154Cape Verde567,000
155Suriname560,157
156Solomon Islands523,000
157Luxembourg509,074
158Malta452,515
159Brunei408,786
160Belize333,200
161Maldives328,536
162Iceland320,060
163Vanuatu224,564
164Samoa194,320
165São Tomé and Príncipe183,176
166Saint Lucia173,765
167Saint Vincent and the Grenadines120,000
168Federated States of Micronesia111,000
169Kiribati103,500
170Tonga103,036
171Andorra84,082
172Seychelles84,000
173Antigua and Barbuda81,799
174Dominica72,660
175Marshall Islands68,000
176Saint Kitts and Nevis51,300
177Monaco36,371
178Liechtenstein36,281
179San Marino32,404
180Palau20,956
181Anguilla13,600
182Tuvalu10,544
183Nauru9,378
184Vatican City832
Total6,883,830,427

Germany


Germany is a federal parliamentary republic in west-central Europe. The country consists of 16 states, and its capital and largest city is Berlin.

Germany covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 81.8 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state in the European Union. Germany is one of the major political and economic powers of the European continent and a historic leader in many theoretical and technical fields.

A region named Germania, inhabited by several Germanic peoples, was documented before AD 100. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established successor kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire.

During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation while southern and western parts remained dominated by Roman Catholic denominations, with the two factions clashing in the Thirty Years' War, marking the beginning of the Catholic–Protestant divide that has characterized German society ever since. Occupied during the Napoleonic Wars, the rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation resulted in the unification of most of the German states in 1871 into the German Empire, which was Prussian dominated.

After the German Revolution of 1918–1919 and the subsequent military surrender in World War I, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic in 1918, and some of its territory partitioned in the Treaty of Versailles. Despite its lead in many scientific and artistic fields at this time, amidst the Great Depression, the Third Reich was proclaimed in 1933. The latter period was marked by Fascism and World War II. After 1945, Germany was divided by allied occupation, and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. In 1990 the country was reunified.

Germany was a founding member of the European Community in 1957, which became the EU in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area and since 1999 a member of the euro area. Germany is a great power and member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe, and took a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011–2012 term.

Germany has the world's fourth largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth largest by purchasing power parity. Germany is the second largest exporter and third largest importer of goods. The country has developed a very high standard of living and features a comprehensive system of social security; the country has the world's oldest universal health care system. Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers, music composers, scientists and inventors, and is known for its cultural and political history.

German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany. It is one of 23 official languages in the European Union, and one of the three working languages of the European Commission. Recognised native minority languages in Germany are Danish, Low German, Sorbian, Romany, and Frisian; they are officially protected by the ECRML. The most used immigrant languages are Turkish, Kurdish, Polish, the Balkan languages, and Russian; 67% of German citizens claim to be able to communicate in at least one foreign language and 27% in at least two languages other than their own.

Standard German is a West Germanic language and is closely related to and classified alongside English, Low German, Dutch, and the Frisian languages. To a lesser extent, it is also related to the East (extinct) and North Germanic languages. Most German vocabulary is derived from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. Significant minorities of words are derived from Latin and Greek, with a smaller amount from French and most recently English (known as Denglisch). German is written using the Latin alphabet. German dialects, traditional local varieties traced back to the Germanic tribes, are distinguished from varieties of standard German by their lexicon, phonology, and syntax.
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