Flag of Latvia : Countries and Flags Worldwide Travel Information Worldwide Travel and Language Community

Worldwide travel and language community
Learn Languages FAST!     Learn SPANISH!     Learn FRENCH!     Learn ITALIAN!     Learn CHINESE!

World Countries > Flags > Latvia

Countries and Flags: Flag of Latvia

Latvia is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Estonia, to the south by Lithuania, to the east by the Russian Federation, to the southeast by Belarus and shares maritime borders to the west with Sweden. <br> <br>The capital of Latvia is Riga. The official language is Latvian and the country has a temperate seasonal climate. <br> <br>The Latvians are Baltic people, culturally related to the Lithuanians. Together with the Finnic Livs the Latvians are the indigenous people of Latvia. <br> <br>Latvian is an Indo-European language and along with Lithuanian the only two surviving members of the Baltic branch. <br> <br>In terms of geography, territory and population Latvia is the middle of three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Latvia and Estonia share a long common history: historical Livonia, times of Polish-Lithuanian, German (Teutonic Order), Swedish, Russian, Nazi German and Soviet rule, 13th century Christianization and 16th century Protestant Reformation. Both countries are home to a large number of ethnic Russians (26.9% in Latvia). <br> <br>Latvia is historically predominantly Protestant, except for the region of Latgalia in the southeast which has historically been predominantly Roman Catholic. <br> <br>Latvia is a unitary parliamentary republic and is divided into 118 administrative divisions of which 109 are municipalities and 9 are cities. <br> <br>The Republic of Latvia was founded on November 18, 1918. It was occupied and annexed by the Soviet Union between 19401941 and 19451991 and by Nazi Germany between 19411945. The peaceful "Singing Revolution" between 1987 and 1991 and "Baltic Way" demonstration on August 23, 1989 led to the independence of the Baltic states. Latvia declared the restoration of its de facto independence on August 21, 1991. <br> <br>Latvia is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Council of Europe, NATO, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, International Monetary Fund and World Trade Organization, and is part of the Schengen Area. <br> <br>After economic stagnation in the early 1990s, Latvia posted Europe-leading GDP growth figures during 19982006. In the global financial crisis of 20082010 Latvia was the hardest hit of the European Union member states, with a GDP decline of 26.54% in that period.
© 2018 ALOOHA
English  German  

Languages: Mandarin Spanish English German French Italian
Countries: United States of America India China Japan Germany France United Kingdom Italy Spain
Learning: Flashcards European Capitals Sinhala Basics Spanische Monatsnamen