Mandarin: Language Native Name Languages > Name



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Language Native Name

LanguageName
1Afar
Qafár af
2Afrikaans
Afrikaans
3Albanian
shqip
4Amharic
አማርኛ
5Arabic
العربية
6Arabic, Libyan
ليبي
7Armenian
Հայերեն լեզու
8Balochi
بلوچی
9Bambara
Bamanankan
10Beja
بداوية
11Bemba
Chibemba
12Bengali
বাংলা
13Berber
Tamazight
14Bhojpuri
भोजपुरी
15Bislama
Bislama
16Blin
ብሊና
17Bosnian
босански
18Brahui
براوی
19Burmese
Burmese
20Cebuano
Bisaya
21Chichewa
Nyanja
22Chinese, Hakka
客家話
23Croatian
hrvatski
24Danish
Dansk
25Dari Persian
دری
26Divehi
ދިވެހި
27Doteli
28Dutch
Nederlands
29Edo
Ẹ̀dó
30Efik
Efik proper
31Egyptian Arabic
مصري‎
32English
English
33French
Français
34Frisian, West
Frysk
35Fula
Fulfulde
36Gagauz
Gagauz dili
37Garifuna
Garifuna
38German
Deutsch
39Gilbertese
Taetae ni Kiribati
40Guarani
Avañe'ẽ
41Hassaniya
Ḥassānīya
42Hausa
هَوُسَ
43Hebrew
עִבְרִית
44Herero
Otjiherero
45Hiligaynon
Ilonggo
46Hindi
हिन्दी
47Hiri Motu
Hiri Motu
48Hungarian
magyar
49Icelandic
íslenska
50Idoma
Idoma
51Igbo
Asụsụ Igbo
52Ilokano
Ilokano
53Indonesian
Bahasa Indonesia
54Irish
Gaeilge
55Isan
ภาษาอีสาน
56Italian
Italiano
57Japanese
日本語
58Javanese
basa Jawa
59Jingpho
Jinghpaw
60Kanuri
Kanuri
61Kaonde
Chikahonde
62Kapampangan
Kapampangan
63Karakalpak
Қарақалпақ тили
64Karen
Karen
65Kashubian
Kaszëbsczi jãzëk
66Kayah, Eastern
Eastern Kayah
67Kayah, Western
Western Kayah
68Kazakh
Қазақ тілі
69Kinyarwanda
Ikinyarwanda
70Korean
한국말
71Kpelle
Kpɛlɛwoo
72Kumaoni
कुमाँऊनी
73Kunama
Kunama
74Kurdish
كوردی
75Kwangali
Rukwangali
76Kwanyama
Oshikwanyama
77Kyrgyz
Кыргызча
78Lao
ພາສາລາວ
79Latvian
latviešu valoda
80Leeward Caribbean Creole English
Leeward Caribbean Creole English
81Lithuanian
lietuvių kalba
82Lunda
Chilunda
83Luvale
Chiluvale
84Luxembourgish
Lëtzebuergesch
85Macedonian
Македонски јазик
86Makhuwa
Emakuana
87Malagasy
Malagasy
88Malaysian
Bahasa Malaysia
89Maltese
Malti
90Mandarin
官话
91Mandinka
Mandingo
92Maninka
Malinke
93Maori
Māori
94Marathi
मराठी
95Marshallese
Kajin M̧ajeļ
96Mende
Mɛnde yia
97Miskito
Mískitu
98Mon
Mon
99Mongolian
Mongγol kele
100Monégasque
Munegascu
101Nahuatl
Nāhuatlahtōlli
102Nama
Khoekhoegowab
103Nara
Nara
104Ndebele, Northern
isiNdebele
105Ndebele, Southern
isiNdebele
106Ndonga
OshiNdonga
107Nepali
नेपाली
108Norwegian
norsk
109Palauan
Palauan
110Pangasinan
Salitan Pangasinan
111Papiamento
Papiamentu
112Pashto
پښتو
113Polish
język polski
114Portuguese
Português
115Punjabi
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ/پنجابی
116Punjabi, Pakistani
پنجابی
117Quechua
Runa Simi
118Romanian
română
119Romansh
rumauntsch
120Russian
ру́сский язы́
121Saho
Saho
122Samoan
Gagana fa'a Sāmoa
123Saraiki
سرائیکی ਸਰਾਇਕੀ सराइकी
124Sena, Malawian
Malawian Sena
125Sena, Mozambiquean
Mozambiquean Sena
126Serbian
српски
127Serbian
српски
128Serer
Seereer
129Sesotho
Sesotho
130Setswana
Setswana
131Seychellois Creole
Seselwa
132Shan
Shan
133Shona
chiShona
134Silozi
siLozi
135Sindhi
سنڌي, सिन्धी
136Sinhala
සිංහල
137Slovak
slovenčina
138Slovene
slovenščina
139Somali
اللغة الصومالية
140Soninke
Sooninkanxanne
141Sotho, Northern
Sesotho sa Leboa
142Spanish
Español
143Sundanese
Basa Sunda
144Susu
Sosoxui
145Swahili
Kiswahili
146Swahili, Coastal
Kiswahili
147Swahili, Congo
Kiswahili
148Swazi
SiSwati
149Swedish
svenska
150Tagalog
Wikang Tagalog
151Taiwanese
臺語
152Tajik
тоҷикӣ
153Tamil
தமிழ்
154Telugu
తెలుగు
155Thai
ภาษาไทย
156Tigre
ቲግሬ Tigre
157Tigrinya
ትግርኛ tigriññā
158Tok Pisin
Tok Pisin
159Tonga
Tonga
160Tongan
lea fakatonga
161Tsonga
Xitsonga
162Tuareg
Tamasheq
163Turkish
Türkçe
164Turkmen
түркменче
165Tuvaluan
Te Ggana Tuuvalu
166Ukrainian
Українська мова
167Urdu
اردو
168Uzbek
Ўзбек
169Venda
Tshivenḓa
170Vietnamese
Tiếng Việt
171Waray-Waray
Winaray
172Western Persian
فارسی
173Wolof
Wolof
174Wu
吴语
175Xhosa
isiXhosa
176Yoruba
èdè Yorùbá
177Yukatek
Màaya T'àan
178Zarma
Zarmaciine
179Zulu
isiZulu

Mandarin (官话)

In Chinese linguistics, Mandarin (simplified: 官话; traditional: 官話) is a group of related varieties or dialects spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. Because most Mandarin dialects are found in the north, the group is also referred to, particularly among Chinese speakers, as the "northern dialects". A northeastern-dialect speaker and a southwestern-dialect speaker can hardly communicate except through the standard language, mainly because of the differences in tone. Nonetheless, the variation within Mandarin is less significant than the much greater variation found within several other varieties of Chinese, and this is thought to be due to a relatively recent spread of Mandarin across China, combined with a greater ease of travel and communication compared to the more mountainous south of China.

Mandarin dialects, particularly the Beijing dialect, form the basis of Standard Chinese, which is also referred to "Mandarin" (literally "common speech") or Guoyu (literally "national language")). Standard Chinese or Standard Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China and one of the four official languages of Singapore. When the Mandarin group is taken as one language, as is often done in academic literature, it has more native speakers (nearly a billion) than any other language. For most of Chinese history, the capital has been within the Mandarin area, making these dialects very influential. Since the early 20th century, a form of standardized Mandarin has been the official and de facto national standard language in China and it is today one of the most frequently used varieties of Chinese among Chinese diaspora communities internationally.

In everyday English, "Mandarin" refers to Standard Chinese, which is often called simply "Chinese". Standard Chinese is based on the particular Mandarin dialect spoken in Beijing, with some lexical and syntactic influence from other Mandarin dialects.

It is one of the six official languages of the United Nations, under the name "Chinese".
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