Urdu: Two Letter Code Languages > Two Letter Code



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Two Letter Code

LanguageTwo Letter Code
1Zulu
zu
2Xhosa
xh
3Wolof
wo
4Vietnamese
vi
5Venda
ve
6Urdu
ur
7Tsonga
ts
8Turkish
tr
9Tongan
to
10Setswana
tn
11Turkmen
tk
12Tigrinya
ti
13Thai
th
14Telugu
te
15Tamil
ta
16Swahili, Coastal
sw
17Swedish
sv
18Sundanese
su
19Sesotho
st
20Swazi
ss
21Serbian
sr
22Serbian
sr
23Albanian
sq
24Somali
so
25Shona
sn
26Samoan
sm
27Slovak
sk
28Sinhala
si
29Sindhi
sd
30Russian
ru
31Romansh
rm
32Portuguese
pt
33Pashto
ps
34Polish
pl
35Punjabi
pa
36Punjabi, Pakistani
pa
37Ndebele, Southern
nr
38Ndonga
ng
39Nepali
ne
40Burmese
my
41Maltese
mt
42Marathi
mr
43Mongolian
mn
44Marshallese
mh
45Latvian
lv
46Lithuanian
lt
47Lao
lo
48Luxembourgish
lb
49Kyrgyz
ky
50Kurdish
ku
51Korean
ko
52Kazakh
kk
53Kwanyama
kj
54Javanese
jv
55Japanese
ja
56Italian
it
57Icelandic
is
58Indonesian
id
59Herero
hz
60Armenian
hy
61Hungarian
hu
62Croatian
hr
63Hindi
hi
64Hebrew
he
65Irish
ga
66French
fr
67Fula
ff
68Spanish
es
69English
en
70Divehi
dv
71German
de
72Danish
da
73Bosnian
bs
74Bengali
bn
75Bambara
bm
76Bhojpuri
bh
77Arabic
ar
78Amharic
am
79Afrikaans
af
80Afar
aa
81Sena, Mozambiquean
82Sena, Malawian
83Western Persian
84Romanian
85Yukatek
86Zarma
87Quechua
88Waray-Waray
89Yoruba
90Wu
91Saho
92Saraiki
93Ukrainian
94Sotho, Northern
95Soninke
96Slovene
97Susu
98Swahili
99Taiwanese
100Swahili, Congo
101Tajik
102Tigre
103Tok Pisin
104Shan
105Seychellois Creole
106Uzbek
107Tagalog
108Tuvaluan
109Tonga
110Tuareg
111Silozi
112Serer
113Mandarin
114Guarani
115Hassaniya
116Hausa
117Gilbertese
118Garifuna
119Frisian, West
120Gagauz
121Hiligaynon
122Hiri Motu
123Jingpho
124Kanuri
125Isan
126Ilokano
127Idoma
128Igbo
129Egyptian Arabic
130Efik
131Berber
132Bislama
133Blin
134Bemba
135Beja
136Arabic, Libyan
137Balochi
138Brahui
139Cebuano
140Dutch
141Edo
142Doteli
143Dari Persian
144Chichewa
145Chinese, Hakka
146Kaonde
147Kapampangan
148Mende
149Miskito
150Mon
151Maori
152Maninka
153Malaysian
154Mandinka
155Monégasque
156Nahuatl
157Palauan
158Pangasinan
159Norwegian
160Ndebele, Northern
161Nama
162Nara
163Malagasy
164Makhuwa
165Kayah, Western
166Kinyarwanda
167Kayah, Eastern
168Kashubian
169Karakalpak
170Karen
171Kpelle
172Kumaoni
173Luvale
174Macedonian
175Lunda
176Leeward Caribbean Creole English
177Kunama
178Kwangali
179Papiamento

Urdu (اردو)

Urdu (اردو) is a register of Hindi-Urdu, identified with Muslims in South Asia. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also widely spoken in India, where it is one of the 22 scheduled languages and an official language of five states. Based on the Khariboli dialect of Delhi, Urdu developed under the influence of Persian, Arabic, and Turkic over the course of almost 900 years.

It began to take shape in what is now Uttar Pradesh, India during the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1527), and continued to develop under the Mughal Empire (1526–1858). Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi spoken in India. Both languages share the same Indic base and are so similar in phonology and grammar that they appear to be one language. The combined population of Hindi and Urdu speakers is the fourth largest in the world.

Urdu is often contrasted with Hindi. Apart from religious associations, the differences are largely restricted to the standard forms: Standard Urdu is conventionally written in the Nastaliq style of the Persian alphabet and relies heavily on Persian and Arabic as a source for technical and literary vocabulary, whereas Standard Hindi is conventionally written in Devanāgarī and draws on Sanskrit.

However, both have large numbers of Persian, Arabic, and Sanskrit words, and most linguists consider them to be two standardized forms of the same language, and consider the differences to be sociolinguistic, though a few classify them separately.

Mutual intelligibility decreases in literary and specialized contexts which rely on educated vocabulary. Due to religious nationalism since the partition of British India and continued communal tensions, native speakers of both Hindi and Urdu frequently assert them to be completely distinct languages, despite the numerous similarities between the two in a colloquial setting. However, it is quite easy to distinguish differences in vocabulary.
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